Sort Benchmark Home Page


New: The 2016 records are listed below in green. Thank you to all of the many 2016 entrants!

Background

Until 2007, the sort benchmarks were primary defined, sponsored and administered by Jim Gray. Following Jim's disappearance at sea in January 2007, the sort benchmarks have been continued by a committee of past colleagues and sort benchmark winners. The Sort Benchmark committee members include:

Top Results
Daytona Indy
Gray

2016, 44.8 TB/min

Tencent Sort

100 TB in 134 Seconds
512 nodes x (2 OpenPOWER 10-core POWER8 2.926 GHz,
512 GB memory, 4x Huawei ES3600P V3 1.2TB NVMe SSD,
100Gb Mellanox ConnectX4-EN)
Jie Jiang, Lixiong Zheng, Junfeng Pu,
Xiong Cheng, Chongqing Zhao
Tencent Corporation
Mark R. Nutter, Jeremy D. Schaub

2016, 60.7 TB/min

Tencent Sort

100 TB in 98.8 Seconds
512 nodes x (2 OpenPOWER 10-core POWER8 2.926 GHz,
512 GB memory, 4x Huawei ES3600P V3 1.2TB NVMe SSD,
100Gb Mellanox ConnectX4-EN)
Jie Jiang, Lixiong Zheng, Junfeng Pu,
Xiong Cheng, Chongqing Zhao
Tencent Corporation
Mark R. Nutter, Jeremy D. Schaub

Cloud

2016, $1.44 / TB

NADSort

100 TB for $144
394 Alibaba Cloud ECS ecs.n1.large nodes x
(Haswell E5-2680 v3, 8 GB memory,
40GB Ultra Cloud Disk, 4x 135GB SSD Cloud Disk)
Qian Wang, Rong Gu, Yihua Huang
Nanjing University
Reynold Xin
Databricks Inc.
Wei Wu, Jun Song, Junluan Xia
Alibaba Group Inc.

2016, $1.44 / TB

NADSort

100 TB for $144
394 Alibaba Cloud ECS ecs.n1.large nodes x
(Haswell E5-2680 v3, 8 GB memory,
40GB Ultra Cloud Disk, 4x 135GB SSD Cloud Disk)
Qian Wang, Rong Gu, Yihua Huang
Nanjing University
Reynold Xin
Databricks Inc.
Wei Wu, Jun Song, Junluan Xia
Alibaba Group Inc.

Minute

2016, 37 TB

Tencent Sort

512 nodes x (2 OpenPOWER 10-core POWER8 2.926 GHz,
512 GB memory, 4x Huawei ES3600P V3 1.2TB NVMe SSD,
100Gb Mellanox ConnectX4-EN)
Jie Jiang, Lixiong Zheng, Junfeng Pu,
Xiong Cheng, Chongqing Zhao
Tencent Corporation
Mark R. Nutter, Jeremy D. Schaub

2016, 55 TB

Tencent Sort

512 nodes x (2 OpenPOWER 10-core POWER8 2.926 GHz,
512 GB memory, 4x Huawei ES3600P V3 1.2TB NVMe SSD,
100Gb Mellanox ConnectX4-EN)
Jie Jiang, Lixiong Zheng, Junfeng Pu,
Xiong Cheng, Chongqing Zhao
Tencent Corporation
Mark R. Nutter, Jeremy D. Schaub

Joule
1010 recs

2013, 168,242 Joules

NTOSort

59,444 records sorted / joule
Intel i7-3770K, 16GB RAM, Nsort, Windows 8,
16 Samsung 840 Pro 256GB SSDs, 1 Samsung 840 Pro 128GB SSD
Andreas Ebert
Microsoft

2013, 168,242 Joules

NTOSort

59,444 records sorted / joule
Intel i7-3770K, 16GB RAM, Nsort, Windows 8,
16 Samsung 840 Pro 256GB SSDs, 1 Samsung 840 Pro 128GB SSD
Andreas Ebert
Microsoft

Common Rules

All the sort benchmarks share the following ground rules:

Sort Benchmarks

GraySort

Metric: Sort rate (TBs / minute) achieved while sorting a very large amount of data (currently 100 TB minimum).

CloudSort

Metric: Minimum cost for sorting a very large amount of data on a public cloud. (currently 100 TB).
Complete rules in the CloudSort short paper.

MinuteSort

Metric: Amount of data that can be sorted in 60.00 seconds or less.
Originally defined in AlphaSort paper.

JouleSort

Metric: Amount of energy required to sort either 108, 109, 1010, or 1012 records (10 GB, 100 GB, 1 TB, or 100TB).
Originally defined in JouleSort paper.

PennySort

Metric: Amount of data that can be sorted for a penny's worth of system time.
Originally defined in AlphaSort paper.

TeraByte Sort

Metric: Elapsed time to sort 1012 bytes of data.
The TeraByte benchmark is now deprecated because it became essentially the same as MinuteSort.

Datamation Sort

Metric: Amount of time to sort one million records (100 MB).
This is the original sort benchmark, defined in A Measure of Transaction Processing Power With 25 others Datamation, V 31.7, April 1985, pp 112-118. Originally, winners took 1 hour, now 1 second! So the benchmark is deprecated.

Benchmark Categories

For each sort benchmark, there are two categories:

Daytona (stock car) Indy (formula 1)

Sort code must be general purpose.

Need only sort 100-byte records with 10-byte keys.

Complete Rules

For detailed rules, see the frequently asked questions (FAQ) .

Process

New Entries

The submission deadline for the 2016 contest is 1 September 2016.

Past Winners
Daytona Indy
Gray

2015, 15.9 TB/min

FuxiSort

100 TB in 377 seconds
3,134 nodes x (2 Xeon E5-2630 2.30Ghz,
96 GB memory, 12x2 TB SATA HD, 10 Gb/s Ethernet)
+ 243 nodes x (2 Xeon E5-2650v2 2.60Ghz,
128 GB memory, 12x2 TB SATA HD, 10 Gb/s Ethernet)
Jiamang Wang, Yongjun Wu, Hua Cai, Zhipeng Tang, Zhiqiang Lv,
Bin Lu, Yangyu Tao, Chao Li, Jingren Zhou, Hong Tang
Alibaba Group Inc


2014, 4.35 TB/min

TritonSort

100 TB in 1,378 seconds
186 Amazon EC2 i2.8xlarge nodes x
(32 vCores - 2.50Ghz Intel Xeon E5-2670 v2, 244GB memory, 8x800 GB SSD)
Michael Conley, Amin Vahdat,
George Porter
University of California, San Diego


2014, 4.27 TB/min

Apache Spark

100 TB in 1,406 seconds
207 Amazon EC2 i2.8xlarge nodes x
(32 vCores - 2.5Ghz Intel Xeon E5-2670 v2, 244GB memory, 8x800 GB SSD)
Reynold Xin, Parviz Deyhim, Xiangrui Meng,
Ali Ghodsi, Matei Zaharia
Databricks


2013, 1.42 TB/min

Hadoop

102.5 TB in 4,328 seconds
2100 nodes x
(2 2.3Ghz hexcore Xeon E5-2630, 64 GB memory, 12x3TB disks)
Thomas Graves
Yahoo! Inc.

2011, 0.725 TB/min

TritonSort

100 TB in 8,274 seconds
52 nodes x
(2 Quadcore processors, 24 GB memory, 16x500GB disks)
Cisco Nexus 5096 switch
Alex Rasmussen, Michael Conley,
George Porter, Amin Vahdat,
University of California, San Diego

2009, 0.578 TB/min

Hadoop

100 TB in 173 minutes
3452 nodes x (2 Quadcore Xeons, 8 GB memory, 4 SATA)
Owen O'Malley and Arun Murthy
Yahoo Inc.

2015, 18.2 TB/min

FuxiSort

100 TB in 329 seconds
3,134 nodes x (2 Xeon E5-2630 2.30Ghz,
96 GB memory, 12x2 TB SATA HD, 10 Gb/s Ethernet)
+ 243 nodes x (2 Xeon E5-2650v2 2.60Ghz,
128 GB memory, 12x2 TB SATA HD, 10 Gb/s Ethernet)
Jiamang Wang, Yongjun Wu, Hua Cai, Zhipeng Tang, Zhiqiang Lv,
Bin Lu, Yangyu Tao, Chao Li, Jingren Zhou, Hong Tang
Alibaba Group Inc


2014, 8.38 TB/min

BaiduSort

100 TB in 716 seconds
982 nodes x
(2 2.10Ghz Intel Xeon E5-2450, 192 GB memory, 8x3TB 7200 RPM SATA)
Dasheng Jiang
Baidu Inc. and Peking University


2013, 1.42 TB/min

Hadoop

102.5 TB in 4,328 seconds
2100 nodes x
(2 2.3Ghz hexcore Xeon E5-2630, 64 GB memory, 12x3TB disks)
Thomas Graves
Yahoo! Inc.


2011, 0.938 TB/min

TritonSort

100 TB in 6,395 seconds
52 nodes x
(2 Quadcore processors, 24 GB memory, 16x500GB disks)
Cisco Nexus 5096 switch
Alex Rasmussen, Michael Conley,
George Porter, Amin Vahdat,
University of California, San Diego

2010, 0.582 TB/min

TritonSort

100 TB in 10,318 seconds
47 nodes x
(2 Quadcore processors, 24 GB memory, 16x500GB disks)
Cisco Nexus 5020 switch
Alex Rasmussen, Radhika Niranjan Mysore,
Harsha V. Madhyastha, Michael Conley,
George Porter, Amin Vahdat,
University of California, San Diego
Alexander Pucher
Vienna University of Technology

2009, 0.564 TB/min

DEMSort

100 TB in 10,628 seconds
195 nodes x
(2 Quadcore processors, 16 GB memory, 4x250GB disks)
288-port InfiniBand 4xDDR switch
Mirko Rahn, Peter Sanders,
Johannes Singler and Tim Kieritz
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany

Cloud

2014, $4.51 / TB

TritonSort

100 TB for $451
330 Amazon EC2 r3.4xlarge nodes x
(16 vCores - 2.50Ghz Intel Xeon E5-2670 v2, 122 GB memory, 320GB SSD, 8x135GB EBS gp2)
Michael Conley, Amin Vahdat,
George Porter
University of California, San Diego

2014, $4.51 / TB

TritonSort

100 TB for $451
330 Amazon EC2 r3.4xlarge nodes x
(16 vCores - 2.50Ghz Intel Xeon E5-2670 v2, 122 GB memory, 320GB SSD, 8x135GB EBS gp2)
Michael Conley, Amin Vahdat,
George Porter
University of California, San Diego

Minute

2015, 7.7 TB

FuxiSort

3,134 nodes x (2 Xeon E5-2630 2.30Ghz,
96 GB memory, 12x2 TB SATA HD, 10 Gb/s Ethernet)
+ 243 nodes x (2 Xeon E5-2650v2 2.60Ghz,
128 GB memory, 12x2 TB SATA HD, 10 Gb/s Ethernet)
Jiamang Wang, Yongjun Wu, Hua Cai, Zhipeng Tang, Zhiqiang Lv,
Bin Lu, Yangyu Tao, Chao Li, Jingren Zhou, Hong Tang
Alibaba Group Inc


2014, 3.7 TB

DeepSort

384 nodes x
(2 2.10Ghz Intel Xeon hexa-core, 64 GB memory, 8 7200 RPM hard drives)
Zheng Li, Juhan Lee
Samsung


2012, 1,401 GB

Flat Datacenter Storage

256 heterogeneous nodes, 1033 disks
Johnson Apacible, Rich Draves, Jeremy Elson, Jinliang Fan, Owen Hofmann, Jon Howell, Ed Nightingale, Reuben Olinksy, Yutaka Suzue
Microsoft Research

2009, 500 GB

Hadoop

1406 nodes x (2 Quadcore Xeons, 8 GB memory, 4 SATA)
Owen O'Malley and Arun Murthy
Yahoo Inc.

2007, 214 GB

TokuSampleSort

tx2500 disk cluster
400 nodes x (2 processors, 6-disk RAID, 8 GB memory)
Bradley C. Kuszmaul, MIT

2006, 40 GB

NeoSort

Windows, Fujitsu 32 Itanium2, 128 SAN disks
Chris Nyberg, Charles Koester
Ordinal Technology Corp

2004, 34 GB

Nsort

Windows, 32 Itanium2, 2,350 disks
Chris Nyberg, Charles Koester
Ordinal

2000, 12 GB

Nsort

SGI 32 cpu Origin IRIX

1998, 5.8 GB

Nsort

SGI 32 cpu Origin IRIX

1997, 3.5 GB

Nsort

IRIX Challenge
Ordinal Technology Corp

1995, 1.1 GB

AlphaSort

Nyberg

2015, 11 TB

FuxiSort

3,134 nodes x (2 Xeon E5-2630 2.30Ghz,
96 GB memory, 12x2 TB SATA HD, 10 Gb/s Ethernet)
+ 243 nodes x (2 Xeon E5-2650v2 2.60Ghz,
128 GB memory, 12x2 TB SATA HD, 10 Gb/s Ethernet)
Jiamang Wang, Yongjun Wu, Hua Cai, Zhipeng Tang, Zhiqiang Lv,
Bin Lu, Yangyu Tao, Chao Li, Jingren Zhou, Hong Tang
Alibaba Group Inc


2014, 7.0 TB

BaiduSort

993 nodes x
(2 2.10Ghz Intel Xeon E5-2450, 192 GB memory, 8x3TB 7200 RPM SATA)
Dasheng Jiang
Baidu Inc. and Peking University


2012, 1,470 GB

Flat Datacenter Storage

256 heterogeneous nodes, 1033 disks
Johnson Apacible, Rich Draves, Jeremy Elson, Jinliang Fan, Owen Hofmann, Jon Howell, Ed Nightingale, Reuben Olinksy, Yutaka Suzue
Microsoft Research

2011, 1353GB

TritonSort

52 nodes x
(2 Quadcore processors, 24 GB memory, 16x500GB disks)
Cisco Nexus 5096 switch
Alex Rasmussen, Michael Conley,
George Porter, Amin Vahdat,
University of California, San Diego


2010, 1014 GB

TritonSort

52 nodes x
(2 Quadcore processors, 24 GB memory, 16x500GB disks)
Cisco Nexus 5020 switch
Alex Rasmussen, Radhika Niranjan Mysore,
Harsha V. Madhyastha, Michael Conley,
George Porter, Amin Vahdat,
University of California, San Diego
Alexander Pucher
Vienna University of Technology

2009, 955 GB

DEMSort

195 nodes x
(2 Quadcore processors, 16 GB memory, 4x250GB disks)
288-port InfiniBand 4xDDR switch
Mirko Rahn, Peter Sanders,
Johannes Singler and Tim Kieritz
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany

2007, 264 GB

TokuSampleSort

tx2500 disk cluster
400 nodes x (2 processors, 6-disk RAID, 8 GB memory)
Bradley C. Kuszmaul, MIT

2005, 125 GB

SCS

Linux, 80 Itanium2, 2,520 SAN disks
Jim Wyllie, IBM Almaden Research

2004, 32 GB

Nsort

32 x Itanium2 WinServer
Chris Nyberg, Charles Koester
Ordinal Technology

2000, 21.8 GB

NOW+HPVMsort

64 nodes WinNT
Luis Rivera, Xianan Zhang, Andrew Chien
UCSD

1999, 10,3 GB

NOW+MPI HPVMsort

Luis Rivera, UIUC
Andrew Chien, UCSD

1998, 8.41 GB

NowSort

95 UltraSparc + MyrinetSolaris UC Berkeley

1997, 3.5 GB

Nsort

SGI/Nyberg,Koester
Nsort/Irix/Challenge

1995, 1.08 GB

AlphaSort

Nyberg

Joule
108 recs
(deprecated)

2013, 889 Joules

NTOSort

112,545 records sorted / joule
Lenovo X220, 2.8 Ghz Intel i5-2640M, 16GB RAM, Nsort, Windows 8,
1 OCZ 120GB mSATA Nocti SSD, 2 Samsung 840 Pro 256GB SSDs
Andreas Ebert
Microsoft


2012, 1,393 Joules

FAWNSort

71,800 records sorted / joule
Intel Core i7-2700K 3.5 GHz, 16GB RAM, Nsort,
16 x 300 GB Intel 710 Series SSDs, 1 160 GB Intel 510 Series SSD
Padmanabhan Pillai, Michael Kaminsky, Michael A. Kozuch,
Intel Labs Pittsburgh
David Andersen
Carnegie Mellon University

2011, 1,430 Joules

FAWNSort

69,900 records sorted / joule
Intel Core i5-2400S 2.5 GHz, 16GB RAM, Nsort,
7 x 120 GB Intel 510 Series SSDs
Padmanabhan Pillai, Michael Kaminsky, Michael A. Kozuch,
Intel Labs Pittsburgh
Vijay Vasudevan, Lawrence Tan, David Andersen
Carnegie Mellon University

2010, 2.2 KJoules

FAWNSort

44,900 records sorted / joule
Intel Xeon L3426 1.86GHz, 12GB RAM, Nsort,
Fusion-io ioDrive (80GB), 4 x Intel X25-E (3 x 32GB, 1 x 64GB)
Vijay Vasudevan, Lawrence Tan, David Andersen
Carnegie Mellon University
Michael Kaminsky, Michael A. Kozuch, Padmanabhan Pillai
Intel Labs Pittsburgh

2010 Jan 1, 4.0 KJoules

FlashSort

24,800 records sorted / joule
Quad Core AMD Opteron 2373 2.01GHz, 16GB RAM
80GB FusionIO
John D. Davis (Microsoft Research)
Suzanne Rivoire (Sonoma State University)

2007, 8.6 KJoules

CoolSort

11,600 records sorted / joule
Mobile Core 2 Duo, 13 SATA laptop disks, 2GB RAM, Nsort
Suzanne Rivoire (Stanford), Mehul A. Shah (HP Labs),
Partha Ranganathan (HP Labs), Christos Kozyrakis (Stanford)

2013, 889 Joules

NTOSort

112,545 records sorted / joule
Lenovo X220, 2.8 Ghz Intel i5-2640M, 16GB RAM, Nsort, Windows 8,
1 OCZ 120GB mSATA Nocti SSD, 2 Samsung 840 Pro 256GB SSDs
Andreas Ebert
Microsoft


2012, 1,393 Joules

FAWNSort

71,800 records sorted / joule
Intel Core i7-2700K 3.5 GHz, 16GB RAM, Nsort,
16 x 300 GB Intel 710 Series SSDs, 1 160 GB Intel 510 Series SSD
Padmanabhan Pillai, Michael Kaminsky, Michael A. Kozuch,
Intel Labs Pittsburgh
David Andersen
Carnegie Mellon University

2011, 1,430 Joules

FAWNSort

69,900 records sorted / joule
Intel Core i5-2400S 2.5 GHz, 16GB RAM, Nsort,
7 x 120 GB Intel 510 Series SSDs
Padmanabhan Pillai, Michael Kaminsky, Michael A. Kozuch,
Intel Labs Pittsburgh
Vijay Vasudevan, Lawrence Tan, David Andersen
Carnegie Mellon University

2010, 2.2 KJoules

FAWNSort

44,900 records sorted / joule
Intel Xeon L3426 1.86GHz, 12GB RAM, Nsort,
Fusion-io ioDrive (80GB), 4 x Intel X25-E (3 x 32GB, 1 x 64GB)
Vijay Vasudevan, Lawrence Tan, David Andersen
Carnegie Mellon University
Michael Kaminsky, Michael A. Kozuch, Padmanabhan Pillai
Intel Labs Pittsburgh

2010, 2.3 KJoules

EcoSort

42,600 records sorted / joule
Intel Atom 330 1.6GHz, 4GB RAM,
4 x Super Talent UltraDrive GX MLC 256GB
Andreas Beckmann, Ulrich Meyer
Goethe University Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Peter Sanders, Johannes Singler
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany

2010 Jan 1, 2.8 KJoules

EcoSort

35,500 records sorted / joule
Intel Atom 330 1.6GHz, 4GB RAM,
4 x SuperTalent UltraDrive GX MLC 256GB
Andreas Beckmann, Ulrich Meyer
Goethe University Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Peter Sanders, Johannes Singler
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany

Joule
109 recs
(deprecated)

2013, 12,092 Joules

NTOSort

82,697 records sorted / joule
Lenovo X220, 2.8 Ghz Intel i5-2640M, 16GB RAM, Nsort, Windows 8,
1 OCZ 120GB mSATA Nocti SSD, 2 Samsung 840 Pro 256GB SSDs
Andreas Ebert
Microsoft


2012, 21.0 KJoules

FAWNSort

47,500 records sorted / joule
Intel Core i7-2700K 3.5 GHz, 8GB RAM, Nsort,
16 x 300 GB Intel 710 Series SSDs, 1 160 GB Intel 510 Series SSD
Padmanabhan Pillai, Michael Kaminsky, Michael A. Kozuch,
Intel Labs Pittsburgh
David Andersen
Carnegie Mellon University

2010, 27.9 KJoules

Nsort

35,800 records sorted / joule
Intel Atom 330 1.6GHz, 4GB RAM,
4 x Super Talent UltraDrive GX MLC 256GB
Andreas Beckmann, Ulrich Meyer
Goethe University Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Peter Sanders, Johannes Singler
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany

2007, 88 KJoules

CoolSort

11,300 records sorted / joule
Mobile Core 2 Duo, 13 SATA laptop disks, 2GB RAM, Nsort
Suzanne Rivoire (Stanford), Mehul A. Shah (HP Labs),
Partha Ranganathan (HP Labs), Christos Kozyrakis (Stanford)

2013, 12,092 Joules

NTOSort

82,697 records sorted / joule
Lenovo X220, 2.8 Ghz Intel i5-2640M, 16GB RAM, Nsort, Windows 8,
1 OCZ 120GB mSATA Nocti SSD, 2 Samsung 840 Pro 256GB SSDs
Andreas Ebert
Microsoft


2012, 21.0 KJoules

FAWNSort

47,500 records sorted / joule
Intel Core i7-2700K 3.5 GHz, 8GB RAM, Nsort,
16 x 300 GB Intel 710 Series SSDs, 1 160 GB Intel 510 Series SSD
Padmanabhan Pillai, Michael Kaminsky, Michael A. Kozuch,
Intel Labs Pittsburgh
David Andersen
Carnegie Mellon University

2010, 25.1 KJoules

EcoSort

39,900 records sorted / joule
Intel Atom 330 1.6GHz, 4GB RAM,
4 x Super Talent UltraDrive GX MLC 256GB
Andreas Beckmann, Ulrich Meyer
Goethe University Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Peter Sanders, Johannes Singler
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany

2010 Jan 1, 27.5 KJoules

EcoSort

36,400 records sorted / joule
Intel Atom 330 1.6GHz, 4GB RAM,
4 x SuperTalent UltraDrive GX MLC 256GB
Andreas Beckmann, Ulrich Meyer
Goethe University Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Peter Sanders, Johannes Singler
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany

2009, 87 KJoules

OzSort

11,600 records sorted / joule
2.6 Ghz AMD Athlon LE-1640, 4GB RAM,
7x160 GB 7200 RPM SATA, Linux
Nikolas Askitis and Ranjan Sinha
Univ. Melbourne, Australia

Joule
1010 recs

2012, 229 KJoules

FAWNSort

43,700 records sorted / joule
Intel Core i7-2700K 3.5 GHz, 8GB RAM, Nsort,
16 x 300 GB Intel 710 Series SSDs, 1 160 GB Intel 510 Series SSD
Padmanabhan Pillai, Michael Kaminsky, Michael A. Kozuch,
Intel Labs Pittsburgh
David Andersen
Carnegie Mellon University

2011, 1,900 KJoules

Nsort

5,273 records sorted / joule
2 x Intel Xeon X5550 2.67 GHz, 48 GB RAM
8 x 1TB Seagate 7200RPM SATA HDD
Andreas Beckmann, Ulrich Meyer
Goethe University Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Peter Sanders, Johannes Singler
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany

2007, 2920 KJoules

CoolSort

3,425 records sorted / joule
Intel Xeon 5130 2GHz, 4GB RAM,
12 x Seagate Barracuda ES 7200rpm 500GB, Nsort
Suzanne Rivoire (Stanford), Mehul A. Shah (HP Labs),
Partha Ranganathan (HP Labs), Christos Kozyrakis (Stanford)

2012, 229 KJoules

FAWNSort

43,700 records sorted / joule
Intel Core i7-2700K 3.5 GHz, 8GB RAM, Nsort,
16 x 300 GB Intel 710 Series SSDs, 1 160 GB Intel 510 Series SSD
Padmanabhan Pillai, Michael Kaminsky, Michael A. Kozuch,
Intel Labs Pittsburgh
David Andersen
Carnegie Mellon University

2010, 572 KJoules

DEMSort

17,500 records sorted / joule
Intel Atom 330 1.6GHz, 4GB RAM,
4 x Super Talent UltraDrive GX MLC 256GB
Andreas Beckmann, Ulrich Meyer
Goethe University Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Peter Sanders, Johannes Singler
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany

2010 Jan 1, 724 KJoules

DEMSort

13,800 records sorted / joule
Intel Atom 330 1.6GHz, 4GB RAM,
4 x SuperTalent UltraDrive GX MLC 256GB
Andreas Beckmann, Ulrich Meyer
Goethe University Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Peter Sanders, Johannes Singler
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany

Joule
1012 recs
(deprecated)

2011, 132 MJoules

TritonSort

7,595 records sorted / joule
52 nodes x
(2 Quadcore processors, 24 GB memory, 16x500GB disks)
Cisco Nexus 5096 switch
Alex Rasmussen, Michael Conley,
George Porter, Amin Vahdat,
University of California, San Diego

2011, 103 MJoules

TritonSort

9,700 records sorted / joule
52 nodes x
(2 Quadcore processors, 24 GB memory, 16x500GB disks)
Cisco Nexus 5096 switch
Alex Rasmussen, Michael Conley,
George Porter, Amin Vahdat,
University of California, San Diego

Penny
(deprecated)

2011, 286 GB

psort

2.7 Ghz AMD Sempron, 4 GB RAM,
5x320 GB 7200 RPM Samsung SpinPoint F4 HD332GJ, Linux
Paolo Bertasi, Federica Bogo, Marco Bressan and Enoch Peserico
Univ. Padova, Italy


2009, 223 GB

psort

2.6 Ghz AMD Athlon LE 1640, 4 GB RAM,
5x160 GB 7200 RPM SATA, Linux
Paolo Bertasi, Marco Bressan and Enoch Peserico
Univ. Padova, Italy

2008, 181 GB

1,812 M records in 2,408 seconds

psort

2.4 Ghz AMD Athlon 64, 2 GB RAM, 4x160GB SATA disks
Linux
Paolo Bertasi, Marco Bressan and Enoch Peserico
Univ. Padova, Italy

2007, 39 GB

TokuMergeSort

330$ system
2 Ghz AMD Athlon 4200+, 512 MB RAM,
2x80GB SATA disks
Bradley C. Kuszmaul , MIT

2006, 34 GB

Bytes-Split-Index Sort (BSIS)

$760 system
1.8 GHz AMD, 1 GB RAM, 4x80GB SATA disks, WindowsXP
Xing Huang and BinHeng Song
School of Software, Tsinghua U. , Beijing, China
Bo Huang
Math & CS, Hunan U. of Technology , Zhuzhou, China

2005, 15 GB

PostManSort

979 sec on a $951 Wintel 2 SATA
Robert Ramey

2004, 10 GB

THsort

(105 million records)
1098 seconds on a $857 Linux/AMD
Peng Liu, Yao Shi, Li Zhang, Kuo Zhang, Tian Wang,
ZunChong Tian, Hao Wang, Xiaoge Wang
Tsinghua University, Beijing, China

2000, 4.5 GB

HMsort

Brad Helmkamp, Keith McCready
Stenograph LLC

1999, 2.6 GB

HMsort

Brad Helmkamp, Keith McCready
Stenograph LLC

1998, 1.3 GB

PostmanSort/NT

Robert Ramey Software

2011, 334 GB

psort

2.7 Ghz AMD Sempron, 4 GB RAM,
5x320 GB 7200 RPM Samsung SpinPoint F4 HD332GJ, Linux
Paolo Bertasi, Federica Bogo, Marco Bressan and Enoch Peserico
Univ. Padova, Italy


2010, 252 GB

OzSort 2.0

2.8 Ghz AMD Athlon II 240, 4GB RAM,
6x160 GB 7200 RPM SATA-II, Linux
Nikolas Askitis
Univ. Melbourne, Australia


2009, 248 GB

psort

2.6 Ghz AMD Athlon LE 1640, 4 GB RAM,
5x160 GB 7200 RPM SATA, Linux
Paolo Bertasi, Marco Bressan and Enoch Peserico
Univ. Padova, Italy

2009, 246 GB

OzSort

2.7 Ghz AMD Kuma X2 7750+, 4GB RAM,
5x160 GB 7200 RPM SATA, Linux
Nikolas Askitis and Ranjan Sinha
Univ. Melbourne, Australia

2008, 190 GB

psort

2.4 Ghz AMD Athlon 64, 2 GB RAM, 4x160GB SATA disks, Linux
Paolo Bertasi, Marco Bressan and Enoch Peserico
Univ. Padova, Italy

2006, 59 GB

GpuTeraSort

3 GHz Pentium IV, 2 GB RAM, 7800GT Nvidia graphics card,
9x80GB SATA disks (4 data and 5 runs) WindowsXP
Naga Govindaraju, Ritesh Kumar,
Dinesh Manocha, Jim Gray
U. North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA

2003, 43 GB

SheenkSort

Linux/AMD system
Lei Yang, Hui Huang,
Zheng Wan, Tao Song
Tsinghua University, Beijing, China

2001, 12 GB

DMsort

Araron Darling, Alex Mohr,
U. Wisconsin, Madison

2000, 4.5 GB

HMsort

Brad Helmkamp, Keith McCready
Stenograph LLC

1999, 2.6 GB

HMsort

Brad Helmkamp, Keith McCready
Stenograph LLC

1998, 1.5 GB

NT Sort

Microsoft

TeraByte
(deprecated)

2008, 3.48 minutes

Hadoop

910 nodes x (4 dual-core processors, 4 disks, 8 GB memory)
Owen OMalley, Yahoo

2007, 4.95 min

TokuSampleSort

tx2500 disk cluster
400 nodes x (2 processors, 6-disk RAID, 8 GB memory)
Bradley C. Kuszmaul , MIT

2004, 33 min

Nsort

Windows, 32 Itanium2, 2,350 SAN disks
Chris Nyberg, Charles Koester
Ordinal Technology

2000, 49 min

Tandem FastSort

68x2 Compaq Tandem Sandia
Daivd Cossock , Sam Fineberg,
Pankaj Mehra , John Peck
Tandem

1998, 151 min

Nsort

SGI 32x Origin 2000
Chris Nyberg, Charles Koester
Ordinal Technology

2007, 3.28 minutes

TokuSampleSort

tx2500 disk cluster
400 nodes x (2 processors, 6-disk RAID, 8 GB memory)
Bradley C. Kuszmaul , MIT

2005, 7.25 min

SCS

Linux, 80 Itanium2, 2,520 SAN disks
Jim Wyllie , IBM Almaden Research

2000, 18 min

SPsort

1952 SP cluster 2168 disks
Jim Wyllie , IBM Almaden Research

1998, 151 min

Nsort

SGI 32x Origin 2000
Chris Nyberg, Charles Koester
Ordinal Technology

Datamation
(deprecated)

2001, .44 sec

Datamation 2001: A Sorting Odyssey

NOW-sort on 32 Linux PCs
(2xP3(550 MHz), 1 GB, 5x9GB disks).
Florentina Popovici, John Bent, Brian Forney,
Andrea Arpaci Dusseau, Remzi Arpaci Dusseau

2000, .998 sec

Mitsubishi DIAPRISM Hardware Sorter

HP 4 x 550MHz Xeon PC server + 32 SCSI disks, Windows NT4
Shinsuke Azuma, Takao Sakuma, Tetsuya Takeo,
Takaaki Ando, Kenji Shirai
Mitsubishi Electric Corp.

1999, 1.18 sec

Millennium Sort

16x2 Dell NT Myrinet
Phillip Buonadonna, Spencer Low, Josh Coates
UC Berkeley

1997, 2.4 sec

NowSort

Arpaci-Dusseau
UC Berkeley

1996, 4.2 sec

Nsort

SGI Challenge
Chris Nyberg, Charles Koester
Ordinal Technology

1994, 7 sec

AlphaSort

Nyberg, DEC

1993, 9 sec

AlphaSort

Nyberg, DEC

1988, 28 sec

Cray1

Weinberger

1987, 980 sec

Tandem

Tsukerman

This page is maintained by Chris Nyberg (chris dot nyberg at ordinal dot com) and Mehul Shah (mashah at gmail dot com).